Here is all of the sources we have used in our academic essay:
Dhariwal, Navdip. Child Labour – India´s “cheap commodity”. BBC http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/5059106.stm
BBC is a worldwide known newspaper. It has a very strong reputation and is a very reliable source. The reporter, Navdip Dhariwal, has based the article on visits at Indian factories and meetings with employers of child laborers. These facts make the article unique and very useful. What we have to take in consideration though, is that the article is based on facts from 2006.
McDougall, Dan. The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2007/oct/28/ethicalbusiness.retail
The Guardian is a well-known and highly reliable source which provides news about the whole world. It is an objective and neutral source. This article is written to inform us how GAP used child labor to achieve cheap labor. This fact is very certain since many other famous sources have written about this scandal. It proves that big foreign companies come to India to lower their labor costs.
The Economist http://www.economist.com/node/16693579
The Economist is one of the most respectful Economic magazines in the world. It is an international magazine which reports news from all over the world. This source is very applicable when needing economic aspects just like we did in some sections. On this site we could find information about the Indian textile market and exports. We have to be aware of though, that this was written in 2010.
Global March http://www.globalmarch.org
Global march is a movement that wants to promote the children’s right to a proper education and a real childhood. They want to raise awareness about child labor to attract more attention to the problem. It is an independent source without connections to other institutions. At this site we have found useful general information about the problem and what consequences it has lead to.
This is the homepage of the organization that runs Bal Ashram and anti child-labor demonstrations all over India. The organization has great experience in this issue, after 32 years of active fight against child-labor. BBA is a non-governmental organization which probably enforces the trustworthiness of the information given on the site. This very page was updated 2012 and is probably therefore applicable for today’s situation for BBA. The page describes what the organization does and how it acts in the struggle against child labor.
During our stay at Bal Ashram we had the opportunity to spend a lot of time with and talk to Kailash Satyarthi. Kailash has worked against child labor and for child education in India since 1980 and is therefore probably our strongest source. As a worldwide campaigner, he has been the architect of the single largest civil society network for the most exploited children, the Global March Against Child Labor, which is a worldwide coalition of NGOs, Teachers’ Union and Trade Unions. Kailash is a member of a High Level Group formed by UNESCO on Education for all comprising of select Presidents, Prime Ministers and UN Agency Heads. He has also been nominated for the Nobel peace prize multiple times. Needless to say Kailash is a great asset for our essay and will be cited throughout it. During our time at the Ashram we took notes on what he said so that we can use it in our essay. However, it is important to criticize everything and always look at a problem from every angle. Therefore we will look at additional sources to see if Kailash opinions are supported or refuted. Also looking at as many sources as possible will give us a broader view of the matter.
We used Myron Weiner to confirm that poor parents of children in India often regard their children as an economic reliability and therefore send their children to work at an early stage. Myron Weiner claims this in his book “The child and the state in India”. Myron Weiner was a politician and was active in the question of child labor in India.
G.K Lieten http://www.childlabour.net/documents/kristoffel%20publicaties/PovertyAnalysis.pdf
G.K Lieten is the director of the organization International Research on Working Children. Lieten published the essay “The Causes for Child Labor in India: the Poverty Analysis” on the webpage childlabour.net.
Population and Poverty http://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10125/3919/p%26p015.pdf?sequence=1
We have used an article from the newspaper “Population and Poverty” which was published 1990. Therefore one should consider that the information earned from this page may not be “up to date”. The newspaper is published by the organisation “Eastwest-center”. Eastwest-center is an organization established by the U.S Congress in order to imrove relations and understanding among the people of the pacific, Asia and America. The article used proved that literacy is linked to a reduced number of children per woman. Even though the article is 22 years old, one can assume that this phenomena still exists in some extent.
Cousen neff http://www.childlabor.in/
CouseNeff is a staff member of the organization “Human Rights Watch”. In an interview in childlabour.in he is citet. The article on childlabour.in was published 2008 and Neff criticizes the Indian government for not taking the problem with child labor as serious as is should be considered in today’s situation, which is used in the essay. One should remember that this is the opinion of Cousen Neff, and not an official statement from the Human Rights Watch.
Time magazine http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1667433,00.html
The article from Time magazine is written in 2007 and is used in our essay to show the differences in estimation of number of child workers when you compare the Indian government and non-governmental organizations. Although this is originally a American newspaper the article is written in India by the Indian reporter Madhur Singh. Time magazine is however a nnon-governmental newspaper and therefore becomes more trustworthy than information from the Indian government concerning the number of children working.
Shanta Sinha http://www.ashanet.org/library/articles/mvf.199607.html
When writing about how the lack of compulsory education may affect the situation of the child laborers we refer to the anti child labour activist Shanta Sina. Sinha is the founder of the Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Foundation, popularly known as MV foundation. The article is written in 1996.
Bachman, S.L http://www.nabe.com/publib/be/000330.pdf
S.L. Bachman is a visiting scholar at Stanford University’s Asia/Pacific Research Center and has written for newspapers and magazines in Asia and the United States. In our essay we use the article she has written ” The Political Economy of Child Labor and Its Impacts on International Business”. We refer to Bachman to prove that western countries are involved in the child labor being present in India today. The article is published 2000 and one should note that the situation in India may have changed during 12 years.
World Health Organization http://www.who.int/occupational_health/topics/childlabour/en/
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health. We believe that Who is a very reliable organization since the UN is such a highly regarded organization. From WHO we have gotten important statistics and information regarding child labor and health.
Government of India http://labour.nic.in/cwl/ChildLabour.htm
We have taken information from the Indian government in order to include their opinion in our essay. We did this to get a broad picture and to be as unbiased as possible. However, after comparing the source with our other sources it is evident that something is not right. The Indian government is evidently trying to minimize the problem and their figures on, for example child labour, are not even close to for example the UN ones. Possible they are making the problem smaller than it is so that they won’t be criticized by for example UN.
World Bank http://www.worldbank.org.in/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/SOUTHASIAEXT/INDIAEXTN/0,,contentMDK:21880725~pagePK:141137~piPK:141127~theSitePK:295584,00.html
The World Bank is an international finance institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs. The World Bank’s official goal is the reduction of poverty. The World Bank is a good source regarding economic matters. It is probably quite unbiased since its aim is to help development countries. It might take the interest of the nation above the interest of the individual or family.
International Labour Organization http://www.ilo.org/ipec/Action/Education/Educationandsocialmobilization/lang–en/index.htm
The International Labor Organization (ILO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that deals with labor issues pertaining to international labour organizations. Just like WHO ILO is a reliable source since it is a part of the UN. From it we got information on the labour conditions as well as statistics.